Captures of female Dacus tryoni (Froggatt), Dacus neohumeralis Hardy and Dacus cacuminatus (Hering) were reduced by both cuelure and methyl eugenol, and female Ceratitis capitata (Weidemann) by Capilure®. These effects were sufficient to overcome. Meny Hoppa till innehåll Qureshi et al. Sharma K 2012. Cur-rently, various active ingredients are used (see Table 2), whereby Male annihilation technique (MAT) is a widely used and it is one of the most outstanding alternatives for the management of fruit fly that kill male flies and reduce the insect’s chances of mating. The results revealed that triangular traps (71.58 males) had captured significantly more population followed by cylindrical traps (38.86 males), PAU fruit fly traps (29.61 males) and spherical traps (21.30 males) in peach; whereas in pear, the number of fruit fly males captured/trap/week were significantly high in triangular traps (127.92 males) as compared to PAU fruit fly traps (55.30 males), cylindrical traps (51.08 males) and spherical traps (42.44 males). The strategy of combining suppression techniques in an area-wide approach is discussed. To control fruit fly species, different management tools such as cultural practices, mechanical, biological, chemical, and physical control, have been implemented. … Guava fruit flesh volatiles were analyzed by GC-MS, and the differences of amount of responded oriental fruit fly adults and eggs laid by oriental fruit fly effected by guava fruit flesh volatiles and other lures. eugenol based mineral water bottle traps. 2. In addition, small numbers of sterile males were released against B. dorsalis. Is It Safe to Eat Chicken Meat and Eggs? fruit orchard at Peshawar, Pakistan. Larvae have got a characteristic jumping pattern of movement which serves as a defense mechanism. Management of fruit flies in fruit crops. In recent years it has been observed that D. dorsalis has also become endemic to almost all the grafted mango cultivars in Sind Province and damage of 1250% is not uncommon by both species of fruit flies. Population studies and testing of various spraying devices against fruit flies (Dacus dorsalis Hendel) on peach, pear and guava. p. 82. Ann. Fruit flies are one of the most diversified and noxious pests on a wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits and vegetables. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. Nowadays Entomologists and Ecologist focus on the adoption of Integrated pest management (IPM) as IPM is an eco-friendly approach for bringing down pest population before reaching economic injury level and emphasize on the growth of healthy crop without disruption of agro-ecosystem. The first synthetic chemical insecticide used to control fruit flies was DDT, which was later replaced by organophosphates. The use of chemicals for the control of fruit flies on avocado can be reduced by combining chemical treatments with a cold storage period (at 46û and 55û F) of 5 days after harvest to kill fruit fly eggs and some larvae (Manoto and Mitchell, 1976). The management of fruit flies (Bactrocera spp.) Two tephritid species namely the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel and the guava fruit fly Bactrocera correcta Bezzi are considered to be the key insect pests of fruit production in Thailand, causing yield loss and quality degradation. The data of trap catches of both the locations was correlated with the significantly influencing abiotic paramet ers. In addition, compared with the adults that were subjected to the same pupal storage protocol (five-day-old pupae stored at 13 °C), adult exposure to 41 °C for 1 h showed significant reparative effects on fecundity. This technique has been successfully used for the eradication and control of several Bactrocera species [8], Annual population incidence of Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis) Hendel in a fruit orchard at Peshawar, Pakistan. in pear with Methyl Eugenol based Traps at different locations in Punjab..pdf, All content in this area was uploaded by Baljit Singh on Nov 14, 2019, All content in this area was uploaded by Amandeep Kaur on Oct 12, 2018, Pear is an important fruit crop of Punjab with, remain protected in the host tissues and most of, insecticidal treatments are ineffective (Sharma, which in the present scenario warrants the need, different fruit crops (Singh & Mann, 2003; V, SANDEEP SINGH, D. R. SHARMA, J. S. KULAR, P, Department of Fruit Science, Punjab Agricultural University, to 54.4 per cent in untreated pear orchards. 4. 1/100 of that before control, no detectable reduction of infestation level of host fruits was found. Substantial reductions in fruit infestation levels were achieved for both species (90.7 and 60.7% for C. capitata and B. dorsalis, respectively) throughout the treatment period. Mass Trapping of Fruit Flies Using Methyl Eugenol Based Traps, Impact of abiotic factors on population dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel and Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) at different ecological zones in NW Plains of India, MODIFICATION IN PAU FRUIT FLY TRAP FOR MANAGEMENT OF Bactrocera spp. FRUIT FLY IN GUAVA. University, Patiala. Species composition of fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. The Ber fruit fly (Carpomya vesuviana) may cause 90-100 % damage to Ber fruit (Kapoor, 1993). Methyl eugenol, when used together with an insecticide (malathion, fipronil or naled) impregnated into a suitable substrate, forms the basis of male annihilation technique (MAT) and results in the reduction of male population of fruit flies to such a level that eradication and suppression is achieved (Vargas et al., 2010a). To develop a regression model, Specimens of Dacini were collected in traps containing male attractants in north-east Australia and 26 islands of the South Pacific area. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in peach and pear orchards, Impact of Frontline Demonstration on PAU Fruit Fly Traps in Guava Crop in Bassi Pathana Block of Distt Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab, Management of fruit flies in rainy season guava through male annihilation technique using methyl eugenol based traps, Village-level area-wide fruit fly suppression in India: Bait application and male annihilation at village level and farm level, Area-Wide Suppression of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata, and the Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in Kamuela, Hawaii, Population fluctuation of the guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) in relation to hosts and abiotic factors, Eradication of the Oriental Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from the Okinawa Islands by a Male Annihilation Method, Forecasting of Agricultural Output using Space, Agrometeorology and Land based observation (FASAL), Weather based prediction model for cotton leaf curl virus disease and its vector Bemisia tabaci in context to climate change(Associated Scientist). However, cost: benefit ratio was quite low in triangular traps as compared to other traps. Eggs are laid beneath the skin of fruit and after completion of the incubation period, maggots are emerged out that feed on the flesh and the resulting damage causes rotting due to microbial decay of the flesh. Leave a Comment / Pest, Plant Protection / By arhorticulture / () ... Use Methyl eugenollure traps @ 25nos/ha to monitor and kill adults of fruit fly. of Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis) Hendel in a Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. Furthermore, short-term thermal exposure showed reparative effects on the fecundity costs induced by pupal cold storage in B. dorsalis (GSS). Only species of the Strumeta group of subgenera were attracted to methyl eugenol. Guava fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. Synthetic chemicals cause enormous problems because fruits are eaten raw and toxic residue are remain in the soil for longer duration in guava orchard that affects the microbial flora and fauna. Again, it is also established that before developing insect pest management programme for a specific agro-ecosystem, it is necessary to have basic information on the incidence of the pest in relation to weather parameters which help in determining appropriate ABSTRACT In India, fruit flies have been identified as one of the ten most serious problems of agriculture because of their polyphagous nature and the huge economic loss it causes to the fruits and vegetables (2.5 to 100%). Studies on species of fruit fly complex were conducted in guava orchard of Ahmednagar region. Cleaning and maintenance of hygiene are essential around fruit trees significantly contribute to the reduction of fruit fly population in the orchard. Fruit flies are considered as a highly destructive pest of guava fruit production causing yield losses and quality degradation of the produce. 30 families in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including guava, mango, cherry, jujube, citrus, and chilli [5]. The egg is creamy white, spindle-shaped and measuring about 1 mm in length. It is recorded, that crop losses caused by fruit fly ranging from 20-80 percent usually depend upon the crop locality, season and variety. Avoidance of fruit fly infestation is possible by harvesting crops at a stage of maturity when the fruit or vegetable is not susceptible to fruit fly attack. Sterilization is accomplished through irradiation, chemo-sterilization, or by genetic manipulation in selected males of fruit flies. Biology of fruit flies differs on the climatic condition, availability of preferred host and natural bioagents. Such control measures is relatively expensive, also cause problems with insecticide residues in fruits and environments that adversely affect human health and the environment. To avoid fruit fly damage, fruit must be picked prior to full maturity, which means harvesting at least three times per week. Studies on the evaluation of the impact of methyl eugenol based different coloured PAU fruit fly traps (16 traps/acre) having male annihilation technique (MAT) in peach, pear, guava and Kinnow revealed that yellow coloured traps had significant impact on the number of males captured and per cent infestation of the fruits. dorsalis Hendel) on peach, pear and guava. The management of fruit flies is challenging because third-instar larvae leave decaying fruits and drop to the ground to pupate in the soil; consequently, both larvae and pupae in fruits and soils are just like shelter that prevents reach of applied insecticides against target stages of a fruit fly. In China, it causes extensive damage to mango and guava production [6,7]. various spraying devices against fruit flies (Dacus MalmöTrappan AB Allt inom trappor, i och utanför Malmö! Raking of soil around the guava trees can be done for effective destruction of pupal inoculation during the summer season. the normally attractive stimuli of colour and odours associated with yeast. Among all the known factors, insect pests are of prime importance. In citrus ecosystem, the incidence was highest during 35 th and 39 th standard weeks coinciding with the ripening of the fruits. Population of fruit flies started appearing in 28th SMW on guava crop and reached maximum during 39th SMW. Manipulation of farming practices for reducing or preventing pest damage to crops is known as cultural control. Population was positively correlated with relative humidity and sunshine but maximum temperature, minimum temperature, mean temperature, wind speed, rainfall, evaporation and number of rainy days had negative impact. February 17-19, 2012. Mostly the chemical control measures are practiced for the management of fruit flies in Pakistan in general and particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Methyl eugenol, when used together with an insecticide impregnated into a suitable substrate, forms the basis of male annihilation technique (MAT). The maggots feed on the decaying fruit tissue. eugenol. Alamzeb 1990. Sprays for fruit fly control may not be necessary in dry seasons. The control measures are not practiced in integrated manner. Among the fruit fly complex in Pakistan Dacus zonatus (Saunders) and D. dorsalis Hendel are serious pests of guava and mango (Ghouri, 1960). The peak activity of fruit flies was found coinciding with the maturity of fruit. Punjabi The adults are small yellow-brown flies 1½ to 2 times larger than a house fly, with rather long, patterned wings (Figure 1A and B). Mehta P K, Sood P and Prabhakar C S 2010. Subscribe to our Newsletter. Annual population incidence The mean percentage of fruit fly damage was also lowest in triangular traps i.e. Quarantine restrictions imposed by importing countries to avoid entry and establishment of the fruit fly. Khan conditions. Irsad and Parvez Qamar RizviDepartment of Plant ProtectionFaculty of Agricultural Sciences A.M.U., Aligarhmohdirshad060@gmail.com. Syed et al. Bangladesh Sci., 6: 165-169. By Joshua Kato Added 18th July 2016 05:00 PM A pheromone is a chemical an animal produces which … Maximum number of marketable fruits in these orchards was recorded in orchard of village Talanian (1243 fruits/tree) followed by orchard of village Rasulpura (1203 fruits/tree) in the treated orchards as compared to 721 and 603 in untreated plots, respectively. More the number of males captured, less were the maggots/fruit and the fruits in 16 traps/ acre had significantly less number of maggots. B. Cucurbitae was attracted to the cue lure in guava orchards. Chughtai and Baloch (1988) reported that Carbicron and Dipterex gave significantly better control of melon fruit fly larvae under D.I. Join our WhatsApp group and get the most important updates you need. The best way to protect your fruit from flies is by spraying chemical or organic pesticides over the plants and fruits which in turn will kill nearly all of the fruit flies. Gibberellic acid treatment of fruits given prior to 'colour break' enhanced the resistance of fruits against oviposition and fly development (Mohamed Jalaluddin, 1996). Per cent fruit damage was lowest in traps with 3 holes. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. 1.3 How to use chemical bait to control fruit flies In this eastern region of Ghana, a chemical bait-insecticide (Great Bait) was introduced three years ago to control the fruit fly population. . This transition from feeding to wandering occurred when the larva attained a critical nutritional or developmental status. is most important insect-pests of guava and the crop is highly prone to damage by this pest in Punjab. It is an excellent source of pectin, phosphorus, calcium, iron, potassium, and sodium with a pleasant aroma. Females of B. dorsalis lay eggs in batches beneath the skin of the ripened or ripening host fruits 5-10 days after mating using her needle-like sharp ovipositor. Control options: Cultural. Guava fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. The use of a single control measure such as insecticides cannot give a total reduction of fruit flies infestation since the damage done by larvae in fruit and vegetables is internal, and therefore difficult to control. Adults generally mate at dusk. The maggot is a creamy white that caused damage to fruits by tunneling and feeding on pulpy content of the fruits. The United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service initiated an area-wide fruit fly management program in Hawaii in 2000. The results revealed that triangular traps (111.17 males/trap/week) had captured significantly more population followed by PAU fruit fly traps (67.39 males) followed by cylindrical traps (65.44 males) followed by spherical traps (50.28 males). A total of 49313 males were captured (14 to 50 SMW) in the four crops by different coloured PAU fruit fly traps. In monitor traps was reduced by ca they puncture the skin of fruits is considered beneficial for prevention insect! Capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of tropical and sub-tropical fruits and yield for,... Present study entitled “ Modification in PAU fruit fly infestations often spread quickly, but prompt treatment can populations! About 2–3 days Trap for management of Bactrocera spp. the United States department of Horticulture, Punjab Agricultural,... 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